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How to teach children: Where do babies come from?

Updated: Mar 11

Sex education is an essential aspect of children's holistic development. However, for many parents, especially in more conservative cultural environments, discussing this topic with children can be a sensitive issue, such as in China. Nevertheless, providing children with accurate and age-appropriate information about sex is crucial for their development of healthy body awareness, relationships, and overall well-being. This article aims to provide guidance for Chinese parents on how to discuss sex education with their children in a thoughtful and culturally sensitive manner.




1. Starting with Basic Concepts:

In the process of a child's growth, it is crucial to introduce them early to the basic concepts of body parts and functions. By using simple and understandable language with age-appropriate terms, we can explain the physiological differences between males and females. This early foundational knowledge not only lays a solid groundwork for a child's sexual education but also provides a necessary precursor for more in-depth and complex discussions as they grow. Emphasizing the normality and naturalness of body parts and functions during this initial cognitive stage helps foster a positive body image, making children more confident and open in facing their physiological features. This early enlightenment in sexual education sets the stage for subsequent conversations, making it easier for children to accept and comprehend more intricate sexual health topics.


2. Creating an Open and Safe Environment:

Establishing an open and safe environment is crucial for effective sex education. Encourage children to ask questions without fearing criticism. Respond to their concerns and curiosity with attention, patience, and approachability, making them feel at ease discussing any doubts or curiosities. Focusing on expressing genuine care for the child, patiently answering questions helps build trust, and a friendly attitude makes children feel comfortable seeking help at any time. In this positive conversational atmosphere, sex education becomes more constructive, reinforcing the relationship between parents and children.


3. Age-Appropriate Information:

Adjusting sex education information based on a child's age and developmental stage is key to ensuring effective learning and understanding. Younger children can grasp foundational knowledge about body structures in a simple and understandable way, emphasizing that physiological differences between genders are a normal part of life. As they grow, gradually introduce more detailed information about concepts like puberty, menstruation, and the reproductive system. Post-puberty, discussions can cover topics such as relationships, consent, and safe sexual behaviors, cultivating a positive sexual attitude and fostering healthy interpersonal relationships. This gradual approach helps create a positive atmosphere for discussing sex education topics with children, making them more confident, understanding, and respectful of their bodies as they grow.


4. Utilizing Age-Appropriate Resources:

Using age-appropriate resources is a key strategy in sex education. Introduce books, videos, or educational websites suitable for the child's age to complement discussions. Carefully select materials that align with cultural values and emphasize the importance of respect, consent, and healthy relationships. These resources should be culturally sensitive, ensuring they align with the child's life and societal background. When choosing books, pay attention to the author's cultural background and whether the content prioritizes respect, understanding, and inclusivity. Similarly, when selecting videos or educational websites, thorough screening is essential to ensure the information is accurate, comprehensive, and education-oriented. The advantage of these resources lies in presenting information visually and auditorily, making abstract concepts more vivid. Combined with verbal discussions, these resources deepen a child's understanding of sex education topics, sparking their interest and curiosity. In such a comprehensive educational environment, children find it easier to absorb information, form positive sexual perspectives, and develop an awareness of healthy relationships.


5. Sharing Personal Values:

In sex education, delving into discussions about the family's values regarding relationships, intimacy, and personal boundaries is crucial. Emphasize the importance of respect, communication, and responsible behavior in relationships, helping children develop an awareness of building healthy relationships. Through open and honest family discussions, children can understand the family's emphasis on respect and mutual understanding, providing them with a good family model. Additionally, connecting sex education with cultural and family values helps children understand the broader implications of this topic in a wider cultural and family context. Such comprehensive education not only helps children establish their own values but also enables them to better integrate into society, understand cultural differences, and develop a more holistic and open-minded perspective.


6. Using Analogies and Metaphors:

When dealing with complex sex education topics, using culturally appropriate analogies or metaphors is an effective strategy. This helps simplify concepts, making them more accessible to children. Analogies can also act as a bridge between cultural norms and a broader understanding of sex education. By employing analogies that align with the child's culture, sex education can be better integrated into their familiar cultural framework, ensuring information is more easily accepted and understood. This approach not only makes sex education more culturally sensitive but also facilitates a deeper level of understanding and integration.


7. Emphasizing Personal Safety:

In sex education, teaching children about personal safety, boundaries, and recognizing inappropriate behavior is crucial. Emphasize the importance of saying "no" when feeling unsafe and encourage them to understand that this is a legitimate and necessary action. Conveying the significance of rejecting inappropriate contact or situations helps instill a sense of self-protection in children. Moreover, informing children that seeking help from a trusted adult is crucial if they feel unsafe or encounter troubling situations establishes an open communication environment, letting children know they can share their feelings with parents, teachers, or other trustworthy adults at any time. This education not only reinforces a child's awareness of personal safety but also equips them with practical tools to handle potential dangers.


8. Being Prepared for Questions:

Children are naturally curious, and discussions about sex can raise many questions. Being prepared for various questions, answering them honestly, and using language appropriate for their age are essential. If faced with questions that catch you off guard, let them know you are willing to find information together or consult professionals when needed. It's important to establish an open channel of communication, letting children feel they can ask questions anytime, and their curiosity is welcomed. This open and candid communication style helps alleviate a child's discomfort with sex-related topics, making them more confident and rational in addressing the challenges of growing up.



In a more conservative cultural environment, discussing sex education topics with children requires sensitivity and open communication. Chinese parents can engage in this crucial dialogue thoughtfully, ensuring the provision of age-appropriate information and skillfully incorporating cultural values for better understanding and acceptance. When guiding children through the exploration of sex education topics, parents should consider the child's age and comprehension level, ensuring the appropriateness and comprehensibility of the information. Remember, continuous dialogue built on trust and understanding is crucial for the success and respectful journey of sex education for both parents and children. Through such education, Chinese parents can promote the healthy development of their children, cultivate a positive attitude towards relationships and intimacy, all while maintaining respect for family cultural values. This sensitive and open communication contributes to building trust between parents and children, making sex education topics in the family a more peaceful and beneficial discussion area.

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